There are numerous laws on health and safety in the UK. Few of the main ones are essentially laying down the ways in which an employer must ensure the safety of his employee. The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 that lays down that employers must ensure safety of the employees by assessing theprobable damage to his employees that can be caused in a regular course of employment. Exceptional scenarios are to be considered only when the working conditions are extremely hazardous

The Workplace (Health, Safety, and Welfare) Regulations 1992 – this provides that the employers must ensure that the employees have a suitable working
condition with proper lighting, sanitation, ventilation, rest breaks, washrooms, safe pathways to avoid accidents etc.

The Health and Safety (Display Screen Equipment) She Global Fire Regulations 1992 – this regulation mainly deals with employees that work long hours in front of a display screen. The employers are to ensure that the health and safety of the employee is not at risk and that they are not repetitively strained by conduction of regular eye-exams, providing suitable furniture etc.

The Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations 1992 – this regulation requires the employers to provide the employees all necessary safety equipment that may be required in the workspace like helmet, eye-glasses, overalls etc. to ensure safety.

The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 – this regulation lays down that the employers must avoid that their employees indulge in activities that may cause injury as much as reasonably possible

The Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 – this regulation is to ensure that the work equipment provided is suitable and safe to use and that the employees are given proper training to use the equipment safely and adequately.

The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases, and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 – this regulation is to ensure that all serious workplace related accidents and injuries are properly recorded by a common authority. Any accident is to be reported to a local the Health and Safety Executive (HSE). Accidents that cause permanent physical impairment, more than a week of leave from work etc. and death are to be duly reported. Reportable accidents are described in detail in this regulation.

The Working Time Regulations 1998 (as amended) – this regulation ensures that the working hours are suitable and also governs the employment of children below the age of 18. It also describes the rest breaks, holidays etc. that are to be given by the employer. This regulation implements the directives of the European Union.